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Many thanks to Rodolfo C. Ferioli for his excellent maps
ASIAN COUNTRIES CONTAINING CROCODILIANS

Map of Asia showing the number of crocodilians occurring in each country
This map shows the numbers of crocodilian species found in each country, using a colour code (see key). Please note that it does not show the actual geographic distribution of crocodilians - for example, crocodiles in Australia are only found in the north, and not throughout the entire country. For individual distributions, see the maps which accompany each description in the species list. [map created by Rodolfo C. Ferioli]

Asia, including India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia, is the stronghold of the family Crocodylidae. Eight species occur in this region, including the only member of Gavialidae family. A ninth species (the Chinese alligator) is the only member of the Alligatoridae family outside of the Americas, and is found only in a very restricted area in eastern China. From Iran to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka is the Mugger or marsh crocodile, whose range overlaps much of the Indian gharial (family Gavialidae) which is still known to occur from Pakistan, through India to Nepal. The next species, the estuarine crocodile, has a very large distribution from India and Sri Lanka, all the way through Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia to Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. The false gharial (family Crocodylidae) is found further east of the Indian gharial's range, in Indonesia and Malaysia. Its range partly overlaps that of the siamese crocodile, which also occurs in areas around Thailand. The Philippine crocodile is restricted to a few small islands in the Philippines. The New Guinea crocodile is restricted to Irian Jaya (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea. Finally, the Australian freshwater crocodile is endemic to the northern parts of Australia.


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